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  • Writer's pictureBosque Women's Care

When sex is painful



Sexual intercourse is meant to be a pleasurable and intimate experience, but for many individuals, it can be accompanied by pain or discomfort. Painful intercourse, also known as dyspareunia, is a common issue that affects both men and women. In this blog post, we will explore the various causes of painful intercourse, available treatments, and offer tips for managing and improving sexual experiences.


Causes of Painful Sex:

  1. Lack of Lubrication: Insufficient vaginal lubrication can result in friction during penetration, causing discomfort or pain. This can occur due to hormonal changes, medication side effects, menopause, or inadequate arousal.

  2. Vaginal Infections: Infections such as yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis (BV), or sexually transmitted infections can lead to pain during intercourse. These infections may cause inflammation or irritation in the genital area.

  3. Vaginismus: Vaginismus is a condition characterized by involuntary muscle spasms in the pelvic floor muscles, making penetration painful or impossible. It can be caused by psychological factors, past traumatic experiences, or fear/anxiety surrounding sex.

  4. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it, often leading to pain during intercourse. The abnormal tissue growth can cause inflammation, scarring, and discomfort.

  5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs, usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. It can result in pain during sex, along with other symptoms such as pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and fever.


Experiencing pain during intercourse can be distressing, but it's important to remember that there are treatments available. Women’s health experts are trained to help people manage and treat these issues without embarrassment or shame. By being open and honest with your healthcare provider, together you can work to improve your sex life.



Bosque Women’s Care’s providers are all highly trained experts in painful sex and sexual dysfunction. They can help discuss options for achieving your best health.

Call 505-847-4100 to schedule an appointment or visit the website www.bosquewomenscare.com for more information or to schedule online

(c) 2023 Bosque Women's Care

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